LES TRAVAUX DU GEAR
(GROUP OF EUROPEAN AUDIENCE RESEARCHERS)

The GEAR (Group of European Researchers) is an association, created in 1967, gathering researchers working in the public European Radio and Television channels.

I was member of GEAR from 1972 to 1990, and chairman of this association from 1982 to 1984.

When I retired, I transmitted all my documentation about GEAR to the archives of EBU (European Broadcasting Union) in Genova.

You will find here a list of these documents, concerning the papers presented at annual GEAR conferences, from 1970 to 1997.

Papers presented at Annual GEAR Conferences 1970 -1997


1970 - Paris, May

1. Formule synthétique de calcul de la valeur d'audience des émissions télévisées
2. A brief outline of multi-variate analysis Methods - B.P. Bennet [Brian Emmet ?] (BBC)
3. BBC Overseas - Formulating questions - Asher Lee (BBC)
4. ITA - Viewer preferences in adult education

1971 - London, May

1. A complex method of communication content analysis - Tamás Terestyéni
2. Reception of informational radio and television programmes in Poland – Stefania Dzieciolowska
3. Violence and drastic scenes in Polish Television - Halina Zaleska
4. First to situate the audience on the principal news broadcast on television there are two facts to consider
5. Digest of report on reaction to political broadcasts, in general, and prior to the 1969 election - RTE

1972 - Warsaw, May

1. Etude d'opinion en Europe - SSR
2. Publikumsforschung in Europa - SSR
3. Typologies of the public

1973 - Hilversum, June

1. Summary and recommendations of the Conference on the Classification of Television Programmes - Tibor Frank MRT
2. Utilization of programmes for immigrant workers (1973) - Uwe Magnus WDR
3. Structure des programmes et typologie des auditeurs en Suisse romande - Matthias Steinmann SSR
4. Schéma quotidien d'une chaîne de TV - SSR
5. Research on effects of adult education Anna Wyka
The plan and aims of research Janina Frentzel-Zagórska
6. Content of programmes related to understanding and expectations of the public
Matthias Steinmann SSR
7. Structure de programme plus optimale en tenant compte de l'intérêt des téléspectateurs Ed. Haas SSR
8. Definition of the audience and how to increase it - Kaarle Nordenstreng

1974 - Visegrad, (Hungary), May

1. The measuring of viewing and popularity for television programmes in some European countries - Pompeo Abruzzini RAI
2. Methodological experience in panel research of Centre for Public Opinion and Broadcasting Research - Stefan Szostkiewicz
3. Memorandum zur Anwendung der huenftigen Publikumsforschung - SRG
4. Memorandum zu den Methodentests zur kontinuierlichen Publikumsforschung SRG

1975 - Portoroz (Yugoslavia), May

1. Utilization of programmes for immigrant workers (1975) - Uwe Magnus WDR
2. Audience measurement through telephone survey and diary system: a comparative investigation - NOS
3. Connections between research on the audience of radio and TV programmes and the audience of advertising - RAI
4. Technical aspects of TV panels - CEO
5. Panel problems - ORTF

1976 - Antwerp, May 19-21

1. Audience surveys conducted by the Public Opinion Service in 1976 - RAI
2. Research for advertising and for programmes - Ian Haldane IBA
3. The analysis of trends in audience research - Stefan Szostkiewicz

1977 - Bern, May 23-26

1. Some more important publications and studies - Alexander Anguelov
2. An experiment on measuring television audience size among children - NOS
3. Research for "Sesamstraat" - Hans Wentholt NOS
4. Opinions and attitudes of adults towards watching television by children - Pologne
5. Aufriss der Untersuchungsanlage der qualitativen Kinder-Untersuchung 1976/1977 - Hertha Sturm
6. TV news - C. Geerts
7. Personal, text and content variables related to effective information transmission through television newscasts - NOS
8. One method of analysing the input of information of TV journal viewers - Neda Ostoic /RT/Zagreb
9. Main problems in relation between researchers and programme producers - Matthias Steinmann SSR
10. Mass media research in the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation - Mie Berg NRK

1978 - Madrid, May 8-11

1. Media imperialism, the influence of the programmes of large states on small neighbours - Claude Geerts RTB
2. Media imperialism - H. Santy BRT
3. Media imperialism: the influence of television programmes of large states on small neighbours - Mie Berg NRK
4. Origin of production in Dutch Television - NOS
5. The audiences of foreign radio stations in France - CEO
6. On the structure of the television programme range in Finland 1969-76 - Juka Kytömäki Oy.
7. Towards meaningful programme classification NOS
8. TV news and current affairs - Some results of audience research (ranks)
9. Les rubriques des informations à la télévision - Résultat du questionnaire C.E.O. (1977) CEO
10. Research of news and current affairs programmes in Slovenia - Lado Pohar
11. Some methodological observations on the introduction of a new system of audience measurement - NOS
12. Outline of NRK's research in 1978 - NRK

1979 - Paris, May 15-18

1. Reactions to "Holocaust" - Results of the study of West German Radio (WDR) and the Federal Centre of Civic Education - Uwe Magnus
2. Some aspects of measurements of audience appreciation - Ian Haldane IBA
3. Uses and abuses of appreciation indices - Pologne
4. A study of correlation between the "Interest index" and quality measurement - CEO
5. Postal panels for noting popularity
Postal interviews for noting TV viewing - Pompeo Abruzzini RAI
6. Outline of research in NRK in 1979 - NRK
7. The effects of multiple choice situation on the viewer's choice - Claude Geerts
8. Semiological approach to studies on television audiences - Pologne
9. The audience of foreign radio stations in France - CEO

1980 - Ivalo (Finland), June 9-12

1. Life style studies : A study on psychological typology - Jacques Durand CEO
2. The multichannel situations - The case of France - Jacques Durand CEO
3. Multichannel viewing - Claude Geerts RTBF
4. Cooperation between researchers and producers : studying entertainment and action research - Juha Kytömäki
5. The influence of cable television on BRT (Flemish TV) viewing figures - Herman Santy BRT
6. Der Zusammenhang zwischen Fernsehnutzung und der Zahl der Programme - Hansjörg Bessler
7. The audience of foreign radio stations in France - Jacques Durand /CEO
8. Studies on the new media: The videorecorder - Jacques Durand /CEO
9. Comparable graphics (Many countries) - Pompeo Abruzzini/RAI
10. Enquêtes et échantillons en Europe - CESP
11. TV audience and appreciation measurement - International situation in 1979 CEO

1981 - Köln, May 10-13

1. Audiovisual consumption in European countries - Jacques Durand /CEO
2. Television and everyday life - Hella Kellner
3. The assumption of a typology of Polish television programme - Tamás Szecskö
4. Research + Planning + Programmes policies - Tamas Szecskö
5. Codes für Schemaplätze nach Wochentagen - ARD/ZDF
6. Codeplan für das ZDF – Programm - ZDF
7. Automatic measure of the uses of television receivers : the "Audimat" system Jacques Durand /CEO
8. Broadcasting's audience during the 1970's - Bill Borden
9. Nützung ausländischer Radioprogramme - ORF
10. The audience of foreign radio stations in France - Jacques Durand /CEO
11. Programme selectivity in a one-channel situation - Ivar Andeaes
12. Audience research among children - Els Vervaet-Clays
13. Sesamstraat III - Some conclusions based on observations of 128 children:
an English summary - Herman Santy/BRT
14. Media behaviour of migrant workers in the Netherlands, a research project Hans Wentholt/NOS
15. Mass media and migrant workers in the Netherlands - Hans Wentholt/NOS
16. Audience research in Europe - Claude Geerts/RTB
17. Inventaire des systèmes de mesure existant en Europe (Enquête GEAR 1981)
18. Principles of audience measurement - BRT
19. Programmatlas - 99 Programmkategorien - nach Programmfamilien - Dr. Fessel
20. Typology of TV programmes - Claude Geerts/ORTF

1982 - Cambridge, May 10-13

1. Programme and Audience Research Centre (thirtieth anniversary) - RTV/Belgrade
2. European cooperation for audience research - Peter Diem
3. Local radio - RTB
4. CEO studies about local and pirate broadcasting - CEO
5. Local radio sweep - Carel Barker/BBC
6. Local radio in Ireland - the role of research Tony Fahy/RTE
7. Local television in Italy - Giulio Carminati/RAI
8. Local radio and regional TV stations in SR Serbia - Nevenka Perkovic
9. Studying social communication in Hungary - a long term strategy for mass communication - Tamás Szecskö
10. Developments in research activities 1981/82 - BBC Broadcasting Research Department - Peter Menneer/BBC
11. BBC international broadcasting and audience research - audience studies 1981
12. Research developments in RTE 1981/82 - RTE
13. Danish Broadcasting Corporation - Erik Svendsen
14. Norwegian broadcasting research : waiting for orders - Asle Rolland
15. Swedish media policy - Neighbourhood radio (Närradio) - SR
16. On research activities in planning and Research Department of the Finnish
Broadcasting Company 1981-82 - Jukka Haapasalo
17. CEO yearly report 1981
18. The Netherlands annual report : media and research - Harold de Bock
19. Quelques aspects des sondages de la BRT en 1982 - BRT
20. The research situation in Austria - ORF
21. Satellite broadcasting without an audience : A brief presentation of two studies dealing
with the topic of increasing the number of programmes - Matthias Steinmann
22. CEO studies about teletext and videotex - Present situation in France CEO
23. La télématique et le public - Jacques Durand
24. La télématique - Rapport d'étude qualitative - CEO
25. Research on teletext in Austria - ORF
26. Infratest - Jahresbericht 1981
27. Fernsehentagebuch 1982 - ARD,ZDF, Bayern, Schweizer Fernsehen
28. Presentation of the "SBC Telecontrol I" - SRG
29. The externalised image (A study showing differences correlating with language structure between pictorial structure in Ural-Altaic and Indo-European filmed versions of the same plays) - Frode J. Strømnes, Antero Johansson, Erkki Hiltunen/Oy.
30. L'avenir de la télévision - Dans quelques années, certains pays européens lanceront des satellites qui diffuseront des programmes de télévision sur une grande partie de l'Europe. (questionnaire)

1983 - Venice, May 2-5

1. TV programme classification : Proposed BARB classification and ESCORT linkage Peter Menneer/BBC
2. Videorecorder use in the Netherlands - NOS
3. Informationswert der Wirtschaftssendungen des ORF
4. Swedish Parliamentary Commission on the mass media - Björn Höijer
5. Teletext für Katz und Hund - ORF
6. EURIKON 1982 (The perspective of Eurikonsumers in Austria, Ireland, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Switzerland and the United Kingdom) - EBU-OTS Operations Group
7. Experimental Pan-European Television Service – EURIKON Mira Kun/Yug.
8. Media - RTE
9. Radio and television developments 1982-83 : The Netherlands - NOS
10. Swedish media policy - SR
11. Media and media research in Poland 1982-83 : A review
12. Media situation (Spain) - RTVE
13. The 1984 research concept - SRG
14. The research situation in Austria
15. Research activities in 1983 -RTV/Belgrade
16. Children’s audience - Claude Geerts/BRT
17. Children's programmes: entertainment or education - Juka Kytömäki/Oy.
18. How much children watch television and what they like in the children's
programme schedule - Nevenka Perkovic
19. Toward a European standard in audience research - Basic audience data from 15 nations - Peter Diem/ORF
20. The electronic diary: A field test - NOS
21. The audience of foreign radio stations in France - Jacques Durand
22. Telecontrol (Système de télémesure des taux de vision de la télévision, qui bénéficie des derniers développements de l'électronique) - SSR
23. Pre-testing and product testing used by RAI's Audience Research Department - Giulio Carminati/RAI
24. Feature films by RAI (1st - 2nd channel) - Quality indices - Evening peak -
Time broadcast - Silvano Minniti/RAI
25. Typology and structure of radio and television audience and market in Italy - Giulio Carminati/RAI

1984 - Stockholm, May 21-24

1. Preparation of a measure which considers simultaneously both audience and appreciation - RTVE
2. Research situation in the organisation - RAI
3. Radio research - RAI
4. Research developments in Finland : MTV research 1983-84
5. Latest developments in broadcasting activities in Finland - Ismo Silvo
6. Media situation - NOS
7. Brief report on the current situation and development of the electronic mass media
in W. Germany - Uwe Magnus
8. Media situation in Finland - Heikki J. Kasari
9. Audience research in YLE 1983-84 - Ismo Silvo
10. Broadcasting and research development in Denmark - Olga Linné
11. Research situation in the Federal Republic of Germany - Michael Darkow
12. Some information about the current mass media development in West Germany - Uwe Magnus
13. Media development in Austria
14. Programme situation - Nevenka Perkovic
15. Radio research : generic services and mixed programmes (published texts in the 1983-84) - Nevenka Perkovic
16. Broadcasting developments in UK - Peter Menneer
Research developments - Graham Mytton/Bob Towler
17. Mass communication studies - A. Mititchev/Bulg.
18. Bulgarian Radio and Television - Main changes in 1983 programmes - A. Mititchev/Bulg.
19. The media environment - Tony Fahi/RTE
20. Novelties in the Hungarian mass communication system
21. The media situation in Switzerland
22. The media situation in Belgium - Herman Santy/BRT - Claude Geerts/RTBF
23. Polish Radio and Television 1983-1984
24. Media situation in Sweden - SR
25. General survey of the INA - Michel Souchon
26. Yearly report France - Jacques Durand
27. Towards a European standard in audience research - basic audience data from 15 nations - Peter Diem
28. Research on reading subtitles - W.Muylaert/J. Nootens
Design and utilisation of subtitles on foreign language television programmes
- D. Poesmans / A.K. Pugh
29. A programme about comic strips - RTBF
30. Cable and satellite - situation in 1984 - Claude Geerts/RTBF
31. Cable and viewing behaviour - Daniel Poesmans
32. New media (Cable - DBS) - Peter Menneer
33. The new media in France - Jacques Durand
34. New media - Matthias Steinmann/SSR
35. Radio listening patterns - Is radio nowadays necessarily a segmented medium? - Peter Menneer/BBC
36. Radio listening - The BRT and the "Free radios" - BRT
37. The audience of foreign radio stations in France (1983) - Jacques Durand
38. Infratest (1983) - ORF
39. Main news programmes in different European TV organizations – Hansjörg Bessler/SDR/ARD
40. 3 to 7 years old children and television in France - Jacques Durand
41. Training groups in the refresher courses of collaborators of the Hungarian Radio and the
Hungarian Television - MRT
42. Audience research covering radio and television - BRT

1985 - Barcelona, April 22-25

1. Das programmstrategische instrumentarium des ORF
2. Telecontrol system - SRG
3. Telecontrol Koinzidenzinterviews - SRG
4. Erfahrungen mit Telecontrol in der Schweiz - Matthias Steinmann/SSR
5. Abschlussbericht - Heinz Bonfadelli / Ulrich Saxer
6. Hemelektronik i Sverige 1985
7. The media situation in The Netherlands
8. New methods of audience research in Norway - Sissel Lund/NRK
9. General political media situation - Asle Rolland/NRK
10. 1985 Italy daily TV audience – Monthly average figures - RAI
11. Research situation - RAI
12. Italian media situation - RAI
13. New administrative organisation in Finland - OY.
14. Media political situation in Denmark - Erik Nordahl Svendsen
15. Research situation in the Federal Republic of Germany - Michael Darkow
16. Media development in Austria
17. State of the programme - Nevenka Perkovic/RTB
18. The media environment in Ireland - Tony Fahy/RTE
19. Hungary - Mass communication system '85
20. Hungary - Research '85
21. Media situation in France - Jacques Durand
22. General situation as regards media policy in Switzerland
23. SBC audience research 1985 - Matthias Steinmann/SSR
24. Swedish TV audience surveys 1984/85 - Anders Christianson
25. General political media situation in Belgium
26. BRT audience research 1985 - BRT
27. Broadcasting and broadcasting research in the UK 1984-85
28. Broadcasting Research Department special projects TV - March 1985 - BBC/ITV
29. Media situation in Spain - José Ramón Rubio
30. Local radio broadcasting in SR Serbia - Nevenka Perkovic
31. Studies on local and private radio broadcasting - Jacques Durand
32. Local, regional and free - Claude Geerts/RTBF
33. The first NRK experiment with local television - Asle Rolland/NRK
34. Local radio in Norway - Democratization? - Asle Rolland/NRK
35. The first year of community broadcasting in Denmark - Vibeke G. Petersen /
Ole Prehn / Erik Nordhal Svendsen
36. Eurostatistics - Basic hardware & audience data - Peter Diem/ORF
37. Qualitative research: research using the eye-movement equipment - BRT
38. The audience of foreign radio stations in France (1985) - Jacques Durand
39. Hungary - a case of public access cable
40. Improving the programme - concept and pilot research - Peter Menneer/BBC
41. Scenes on violence on the programmes of Television Belgrade - Nevenka Perkovic/RTB
42. Making ourselves understood - Transmission problems in audience research - Peter Diem/ORF
43. The video market - fairy tales and facts - Hansjörg Bessler
44. Reception of TV fiction programmes by the family - a qualitative project - Anne Hjort/DR
45. The media situation in Sweden - SR
46. The media situation in Poland
47. Electronic mass media in West Germany in 1985 - Uwe Magnus
-- Questionnaire about permanent survey of television audience measurement

1986 - Dublin, May 12-15

1. The media situation in Spain
2. The media situation in Finland
3. Coverage of local (commercial) radio in Finland
4. Media politics and developments in Finland
5. Seerundersøgelse (Danmarks radio)
6. Development of the electronic mass media in West Germany in 1986 - Uwe Magnus/WDR
7. Research situation (ZDF media research) - Michael Darkow
8. Mediafacts '85 - Austria
9. Media situation in Yugoslavia - Neda Ostoic
10. Developments in UK broadcasting (BBC and IBA)
11. Developments in audience research UK (IBA)
12. The media environment in Ireland
13. On Hungarian mass communication 1985-86
14. The research situation in France
15. The future of television research in Switzerland
16. Media situation in Switzerland
17. 1986 media situation in the Netherlands
18. The annual report from Norway - Sissel Lund / Asle Rolland
19. Italian media situation - RAI
20. Dutch speaking part of Belgium media situation 1986 - RTBF
21. The media structure - New agreement between SR and the State - Margareta Cronholm
22. Subtitling - BRT
23. Qualitative research - Ireland
24. Satellite (SATV) households in Finland - 1985
25. Viewing satellite television in Sweden - Claes Westrel
26. TTV:n Kanavaosuudet - Finland
27. The method of measurement of cable audiences - Jacques Durand
28. Satellite television - a challenge to public broadcasting researchers - Sissel Lund / Asle Rolland
29. Cooperation in international broadcasting research - Graham Mytton/BBC
30. Limits of justification when broadcasting different types of programmes considering
audience size - Neda Ostoic/TVZ
31. Varied images of youth and young people in the political dailies - Tamás Terestyéni/Hun.
32. T-groups in the mass communication organisation - János Rudas
33. News of the assassination of Prime Minister Olof Palme - A diffusion study Margareta Cronholm/SR
34. Listening to foreign radio in Sweden – Margareta Cronholm/SR
35. Local elections in Zurich as an example for the new multi-media situation in Switzerland
36. The measure of television audience permanent systems in Europe - Jacques Durand
37. Panels with audimeters (Many countries)
38. Televideo (Italian equivalent to Teletext) - RAI
39. A new means of information : Teletext - Mária Vásárhelyi/Hun.
40. Burgenland from Sopron - and the other way round - Experiences of an Austrian-
Hungarian Joint project
41. Data for Ireland - Tony Fahy/RTE
42. The RAI TV meter service - Tito Riccio

1987 - Budapest, May 16-19

1. The plug-in Finnmeter
2. Current situation and development of the electronic mass media (May 1987) - Uwe Magnus/WDR
3. Research situation in the Federal Republic of Germany - Michael Darkow/ZDF
4. Short review of the situation with regard to programmes in Yugoslavia Nevenka Perkovic
5. One variation of a qualitative method in research of television advertisements - Neda Ostoic/TVZ
6. Audience research in Bohemia : recent trends - Jaroslav Kostál
7. Mass media in Hungary - 1986
8. Panorama in the French medias - 1986-87 - Michel Souchon
9. The situation of the media in Switzerland - Matthias Steinmann/SSR
10. Italian media situation - RAI
11. Italy daily TV audience - RAI
12. Audience research in Denmark
13. Media situation in Spain
14. Media situation in Finland
15. New research panels being set up in Finland
16. TV usage during week 30.3.-5.4./87 (Finland)
17. Radio in Denmark: decentralization and deprofessionalization
18. Media politics and developments in Denmark /Erik Nordahl Svendsen
19. Media development in Austria
20. Broadcasting developments in UK - Peter Menneer
21. Research developments in UK - Peter Menneer
22. Hungary - a short review of our activities in 1986
23. The media environment in Ireland - Tony Fahy/RTE
24. New agreement between Sveriges Radio and the State - Margareta Cronholm
25. Media research in Sweden - Margareta Cronholm
26. The research situation in France
27. Media situation in Belgium
28. Developments in broadcasting - The Netherlands
29. The media situation – Norway - Asle Rolland
30. The research situation - Norway - Sissel Lund
31. Audience appreciation - A different story from audience numbers - Peter Menneer/BBC
32. The Radio Data System (RDS) and radio listening in automobiles in Sweden Margareta Cronholm
33. The new audience research system - Kijkanderzoek/NOS
34. The Dutch public broadcasting service in a multi-channel landscape - Wim Bekkers/NOS
35. Report on staff and research budgets for year 1986 (Europe) - Isabel Serrano/CCRTV
José Ramon Rubio/RTVE
36. Rapport sur la communication dans le monde - Marten Giersing/Unesco
37. World Communication Report - Marten Giersing/Unesco
38. Data SR/PUB
39. Satellite situation - RTBF

1988 - Amsterdam, May 16-19

1. Peoplemeter systems presentation of the answers to the June 1988 survey Jacques Durand
2. Peoplemeter Panels in Europe: present situation and future prospects - Jacques Durand
3. Indikatoren des kulturoptimismus - Sigrid Svitek / Hedwig Zehetner
4. The European television audience for the New Year's Day Concert from Vienna
and planet earth - ARM
5. Broadcasting - developments in the 1980's (Finland) - Marina Österlund-Krinkanta
6. 25 years of audience measurement in The Netherlands from counting to predicting audiences ? - Wim Bekkers/NOS
7. Report on budgets, staff and others...for year 1987 (Europe) - Isabel Serrano/CCRTV
José Ramon Rubio/RTVE
8. Aggressive defence ? Public service broadcasters under competition in Nordic countries and The Netherlands - Erik Nordhal Svendsen
9. Videotest - Pretesting, post testing, tracking qualitative research in practice - Peter Diem/ORF
10. European television on Saturday and Sunday mornings - Niels-Aage Nielsen/DR
11. The media situation in Europe 1987-88 - an overview - Sissel Lund / Asle Rolland
12. Less listening in cabled areas - Margareta Cronholm/SR
13. Media policy in general - Wim Bekkers
14. The Dutch system - NOS
15. Mediafacts 1987-88 in Belgium
16. The mixed Italian TV system - RAI
17. Mass communication in Poland - Jacek Dohnalik
18. The media situation - a social-democratic "no" to advertising in Swedish television Margareta Cronholm/SR
19. Media research - Margareta Cronholm/SR
20. The media situation in Switzerland - SSR
21. Media policy in general in Ireland - RTE
22. International Broadcasting and audience research - IBA/BBC
23. Mass communication in Hungary 1987-88 - main trends
24. TV research - Jaroslav Kostál
25. The media in Turkey
26. Main changes in the West Germany media scene - Hansjörg Bessler
27. Research situation in the Federal Republic of Germany - Michael Darkow
28. Media situation in Finland
29. Spanish meter system - RTVE
30. The research situation in France
31. Media policy in France - Michel Souchon
32. The single source approach in media research - M. Steinmann
33. An aspect of the pre-tests - Claude Geerts/RTBF
34. Access to and use of video and foreign TV channels in Sweden, fall 1987
Anders Gahlin / Bengt Nordström
35. Satellite broadcasting - RTBF

1989 - Brussels, May 8-11 (Delphi 2000)

1. Harmonisation of European TV audience measurement outputs - a GEAR proposal
to the EBU Television Programme Committee - Tony Fahy/RTE
2. Harmonisation of TV Measurement results - Tony Fahy/RTE
3. The European overview 1988-89 regulation and deregulation - Sissel Lund / Asle Rolland
4. Mass communication in Hungary 1988-89 - changes in legal regulation
5. Developments in UK policy - Peter Menneer/BBC
6. The media situation in Sweden - Margareta Cronholm
7. Audience measures in Sweden - Margareta Cronholm
8. Media policy in Belgium - RTBF
9. Media policy in France
10. Politic within media in Yugoslavia - Nevenka Perkovic
11. Programme - Radio Television Belgrade for the territory of Serbia - Nevenka Perkovic
12. Media policy in Czechoslovakia - Jaroslav Kostál
13. Media policy in general in Ireland - Tony Fahy/RTE
14. Reichweiten des wiener Neujahrskonzertes 1988/89
15. The European overview - NRK
16. Media policy making - Asle Rolland/NRK
17. Media situation in Spain - Isabel Serrano/José Ramón Rubio
18. Media policy making in Poland - Jacek Dohnalik
19. Media policy in Netherlands - Wim Bekkers
20. Notes on the Italian television situation - RAI
21. The situation of the media in Switzerland - Matthias Steinmann
22. Current situation and development of the electronic mass media an the media research Uwe Magnus/WDR
23. Media policy making in general - OY.
24. Media development - foreign and local TV - E. Nordhal Svendsen
25. Media policy in general - recent data on TV and radio in Denmark - DR
26.Time budget research - Slobodan Canic/RTB
27. Estimation of potential audiences from time budget surveys - José Ramón Rubio/RTVE
28. Counting cabled households problems and pitfalls - Margareta Cronholm
29. Belgium : a densely cabled country - BRT
30. A brief introduction to the basic principles of the current BRT Statute, against the
background of Belgium's cultural diversity - BRT
31. Trends in radio in the eighties - Hansjörg Bessler
32. Audiences to radio - some technical issues of measurement - Peter Menneer
33. Radio scanning - BRT
34. Radioscanner (music, news, entertainment) - Herman Santy/BRT
35. Audience research on quality of programming in Czech radio - Jaroslav Kostál
36. Radio trends in Europe - Claude Geerts/RTBF
37. Automatic audience measurement - BRT
38. Television quality - the new challenge to broadcasting researchers - Sissel Lund/NRK
39. 25 years of audience measurement in The Netherlands - from counting to predicting
audiences? - Wim Bekkers/NOS
40. Beeld van een allochtoon kind - NOS
41. Teletekst : a successful interactive medium? - NOS
42. Audience : Dutch style - appreciation scores, ratings and other audience statistics in a
unique broadcasting system - NOS
43. Programme appreciation and audience measurement : the Dutch way - Jack Saarloos/NOS
44. The Netherlands viewing trends in a multi-channel environment - NOS
45. TV-viewing in Denmark with two channels - Erik Nordahl Svendsen
46. Television viewing in Finland - Heikki Kasari/Oy.
47. How TV audiences react to increased programme supply - Heikki Kasari/Oy.
48. The Flemish population's listening and viewing habits - Hermann Santy/BRT
49. Report on staff and budget - Isabel Serrano/J. Ramón Rubio
50. Relations between BRT and VTM conditioned by their differences: a comparative sketch BRT
51. Licence fee and BRT income - BRT
52. La recherche sur le public SSR 1989 - SSR
53. Die ORF- Medienforschung im Dienst Publikumsbezogener Gestaltung - ORF
54. Satellite television perception in Ursynow residential area in Warsaw - OBOP
55. Video in Sweden 1988 : access to and use of VCR - M. Cronholm
56. The Swedish media barometer - Margareta Cronholm
57. Television Belgrade's morning programme - Milan Timotic
58. Telematic poll system on real time - RAI
59. Pretesting programme with electronics - Isabel Serrano
60. "Wheel of fortune" on some European TV stations - Erik Nordahl Svendsen

1990 - Bern, May 6-10

1. Classification décimale des programmes par catégorie et genres - SSR
2. The Telecontrol system (booklet)
3. The European overview 1989-90 - Asle Rolland/NRK
4. Ascolto della televisione - RAI
5. The manner in which research influences the programme schedule of Belgrade radio
and television - Nevenka Petrovic
6. Scheduling research and strategies? - Heikki Kasari/Oy.
7. Aspects of international developments in the mass media - structure of market
and international trade - the situation in Finland - Marti Soramäki
8. Social change and mass communication in Hungary - Adám Levendel
9. Media policy in France - Jacques Durand
10. "Expression directe" - France - Jacques Durand
11. Opinions polls on radio TV - Uwe Magnus
12. Computerised tele-poll system - RAI
13. Producers guidelines - BBC
14. TV's public - SR
15. Mediabarometer 1989 - SR
16. Analyse du contenu des programmes TV - ORF
17. Media policy – television - Jacques Durand
18. Current media policy issues in Finland from the broadcasting point of view
Marina Österlund-Ksarinkanta
19. Media developments and tendencies in West Germany in 1989 - Uwe Magnus
20. Mass communication in Hungary ---
21. Media policy making in general - UK ---
22. Opinion polls in radio and television - Margareta Cronholm
23. The situation of the media in Switzerland - Matthias Steinmann
24. Radio audience measurement in the UK - Peter Menneer
25. Media policy in general - The Netherland - NOS
26. Programming policy i the field of mass media in Yugoslavia - programming policy in RTB and the Republic of Serbia - Nevenka Perkovic
27. Television and radio audiences in Finland 1989-90 - special project - Heikki J. Kasari
28. NOS audience research department 1965-90 - 25th anniversary survey - NOS
29. Tender material on a TV-meter based survey on viewing behaviour in Denmark - TV2
30. Media policy in Finland - Heikki Kasari
31. Media policy in Italy - RAI
32. Broadcasting of commercials marketing revenue and research linked with that problem Nevenka Perkovic
33. Suggestions for the implementation of a corporate image - BRT
34. Corporate image research in RTE - Tony Fahy
35. Corporate image research a the Finnish Broadcasting Company - Heikki Kasari
36. The battle for image - ORF
37. Media policy making in Norway - Asle Rolland
38. The development of electronic media (Summary of questionnaire replies)

1991 - Helsinki, May 12-16

1. Experimental radio research - NOS
2. Prediction in ratings in The Netherlands - NOS
3. Listening to foreign radio in Denmark - Media developments and policy - Erik Nordahl Svensen
4. Media policy development television programme classification - Peter Menneer
5. A year of challenge for Public Service Broadcasting in Europe - Graham Mytton/BBC
6. A billion viewers can't be right ! - Graham Mytton/BBC
7. European broadcasters executive development programme - specification of work to be
undertaken -----
8. Viewers' opinion of Belgrade Radio and television credibility - RTB
9. Radio research in Ireland - Tony Fahy/RTE
10. New scheme for radio research in Norway - NRK
11. The broadcasting environment of Poland - Karol Jakubowicz
12. Media policy in UK - Graham Mytton/BBC
13. Media policy in Belgium - Herman Santy
14. Television audience in Finland 1990 - Heikki J. Kasari
15. Media policy in Ireland Tony Fahy(/RTE
16. General media in Finland Heikki J. Kasari
17. General media development policy Nevenka Petrovic/BRT
18. Media policy development in USSR Elena Sapronova
19. 60 years of the Swiss Broadcasting Corporation SSR
20. Media policy developments Wim Bekkers/NOS
21. NRKs research department NRK
22. Bevölkerungsstrukturen im vergleich Erwachsene ab 14 Jahre Hansjoerg Bessler
23. Media policy - RTV Novi Sad
24. Media situation in Italy
25. The crisis of Public Service Broadcasting in France ---
26. The media situation in Germany Hansjörg Bessler
27. Media policy developments - The Netherlands - Wim Bekkers
28. Media policy developments in Finland - Sissel Lund
29. General media development policy RTV Novi Sad + Serbia
- Viewers' opinion of Belgrade radio and television credibility
- The image of women in Belgrade television Belgrade
- The participation of men in comparison with women
in Belgrade TV news department’s aktuelnosti Nevenka Perkovic
30. Prototyp der europäischen Informationsstelle für Audiovisuelle Medien - ORF
31. Codeplan und Erläuterung
32. Struktura osnovnih vrsta ukupno emitovanih programa po vrsti emisia - Slovenian TV
33. General interest in radio genres - Peter Diem/ORF
34. The gulf war and confidence in the media RTBF
35. New scheme for radio research in Norway Asle Rolland/NRK
36. Development and harmonisation of television audience measurement EBU

1992 - Vienna, May 10-14

1. Danmark Radio : Actual report 1992/93 - 3-years plan 1991-1993 - Restructuring of DR
2. Changes in the Finnish Broadcasting in 1992/1993 (MTV)
3. Le paysage audiovisuel en France - Oct. 1992 - Oct. 1993 - (F.A.)
Christian Maillard
4. Réponse conjointe des sociétés TF1-A2-FR3 au questionnaire relatif au marché des achats de droits sportifs en France
5. Espagne - Derniers changements (F.A.)
6. Recent developments in the broadcasting sector in Germany - Victor Berger
7. The tasks and operations of Hungarian television - Marta Nagy
8. Broadcasting in Ireland (Act of 1989)
9. The expected changes in the map of electronic communication in Israel
10. RAI - Last development
11. Broadcasting in the Netherlands - Audience - Legislation
12. Norway - Report on National Broadcasting development 1992/93 - Jan Ivar Hansen
13. Changes occurred in the Polish Television (Act of 29 Dec. 1992 abolish the monopoly of the Committee for Radio and Television in the field of broadcasting, granted by the act on 1960) - Michat Slósarski
14. Portugal - Radio - National channels - Private channels
15. Report on the situation of the broadcasting system in Romania - Cristel Popa
16. RTR (Russian Federation
17. Sweden - Report on broadcasting developments 1992/93
(History - Structure & organisation - Goals)
18. Evolution de la Radiodiffusion Suisse en 1992/93
(Cadre légal - Concurrence - Finances – Programmes - organisation - Technologie)
19. Turkiye Radio Television Kurumu (TRT) (Programme Radio - Profile - Average daily Hrs)
20. UK - Independent Television (Channel 3 (ITV) - ITV Network Centre - Channel 4
- Public teletexte service - Channel 5)

1993 - Copenhagen, May 23-27

1. Marketing variable in the TV-meter system - Gallup
2. Conflicts and conflicts research in the communication system - Tamás Szecskö
3. Some observations on how to inform managers and program-makers - Peter Diem
4. Ownership and use of home videorecorders - Paul Vierkant
5. A holiday TV audience survey - SOFRES
6. VCR and television viewing - RTB
7. Diffusion for GEAR, GEAR for diffusion - Paul Hendriksen
8. Europinion - Suggestion for a new Eurovision activity - Paul Hendriksen
9. The role of audience research in broadcasting companies - Herman Santy/BRTN
10. Role of audience research in broadcasting companies - Peter Menneer/BBC
11. Role of audience research in broadcasting companies - Ismo Silvo
12. Repeat viewing on DR-TV - Helle Schönemann-Paul
13. Measuring audience loyalty within a programme the entire audience indicator A2/FR3
14. Mass media research in Estonia - Mall Laur
15. Media policy developments - RTBF
16. Media policy developments in Czechoslovaquia - Eva Lickova
17. Media developments - elementary facts - Lucie Pokorná
18. Media policy and developments in Denmark - E. Nordhal Svendsen
19. Country report of Estonia
20. Broadcasting and research developments in Europe: an overview - Wim Bekkers/NOS
21. The financial survival of the public broadcasters (+ bibliography) - Herman Santy
22. The financial survival of the public broadcasters (+ bibliography) - Herman Santy
23. Country report - Finland Heikki Kasari/Ismo Silvo
24. Media policy developments in France A2/FR3
25. Media development and media policy radio and TV Hansjörg Bessler/SDR
26. Media policy developments in Greece Adamantios Bassantis/ERT
27. Of Hungarian media war in a nutshell ----
28. Media policy and developments in Hungary Márta Nagy
29. Media policy broadcasting developments - RTE
30. The media policy situation in Israel and recent developments - IBA
31. Media development and media policies in Italy - RAI
32. Media development policies in Italy Silvano Minniti
33. Media policy development in The Netherlands - NOS
34. Media policy developments in Norway Sissel Lund
35. Media policy developments in Poland Andrej G. Bystritski
36. Media policy developments in Russia and recent developments - Andrej G. Bystritski
37. Slovenka Televizia - country report Darina Kyselová
38. Media policy developments South Africa D.P. van Vuuren
39. Media situation - Catalonia ---
40. Media policy developments in Sweden Margareta Cronholm/SR
41. Media policy developments in UK Peter Menneer/BBC
Gareth Morgan/ITV Graham Mytton/BBC
42. Performance indicators in Danmark Radio DR
43. Performance indicators for broadcasting companies - and measures of quality
- The pact method - A2/FR3
44. Some thesis on quantitative an qualitative TV audience research - Hansjörg Bessler
45. Qualitative observatory for prime-time programmes RAI
46. New directions in international broadcasting Graham Mytton
research: Changing research in a changing world Allen Cooper
47. TV overspill from foreign and satellites TV stations - RTB
48. The state of the art of radio research in Europe Peter Diem
49. Presentation Phonotest - Peter Diem
50. Radio audience measurement in Europe Heikki J. Kasari
51. The "final" Thesis on "Radio Meter" measurements (Europe) Hansjörg Bessler
52. Radio audience in Italy Giulio Carminati
53. Radio audience research in The Netherlands Wim Bekkers/NOS
54. Radio research in Norway Sissel Lund/NRK
55. Listening place for radio weekdays in Sweden - 1992 ___
56. Radio audience measurement Peter Menneer/BBC
57. Quarterly summary of radio listening - Adults aged 15 and over : population 46,480.00 UK
58. Media policy developments in Switzerland ----

1994 - Capri, May 15-19

1. Radio and TV audience in the 90's the strategic
view of a measuring system producer Matthias Steinmann
2. The Telecontrol system ---
3. Radio measurement: telephone or face to face J. Menor Sendra
4. A test at home RTB
5. Issues on audience measurement Michèle Périot-Sanehy
6. Out-of-home viewing Michèle Périot-Sanehy
7. Continuous segmentation since 1991 Seija Nurmi/YLE
8. Toward harmonisation of TV audience measurement Peter Menneer/Toby Syfret
9. Attitudes and behaviours about self promotion Laura Martinez/Juan Menor
10. Public performance indicators BBC
11. Investigation of programme success Jurg Wildberger/SF
12. Performance indicators at the Finnish Broadcasting Company H. Kasari/YLE
13. Performance indicators DR
14. Some regards on the system correlation between the broadcasting and the research from the point of view of a post-communist country Darina Kyselová/STV
15. Attitudes and behaviours about self promotion Laura Martinez/Juan Menor
16. Survey in Russia - main findings (1993) GEAR
17. Broadcast media in Bucharest - main findings GEAR
18. Broadcast media in Sofia - Main findings GEAR
19. Changes in media research : Czech radio 1989-94 --
20. Media situation in CSFR/CR 1989-94 --
21. Czech Republic - public broadcasters --
22. TV programme scheduling strategies and their relationship William J. Adams
23. Two structures of TV programme RTB
24. Research for competitive programming development in The Netherlands --
25. Children and media - Why children? Lucie Pokorná/Eva Licková
26. How audience research can help scheduling decisions? Heikki J. Kasari
27. Pattern in TV viewing and radio listening broadcasters performance indicators and
issues of harmonisation Peter Menneer/BBC
28. Government policies in UK Graham Mytton
29. Media policy in Switzerland --
30. Sweden: threat against public service ; start of new private commercial radio-
channels and TV measurements by people-meters Anders Gahlin/STV
31. Media policy developments (RTVE received a Government subsidy of about 250 million
dollars last May. The last time RTVE had a subsidy was in 1982) --
32. Media policy developments in Slovakia Darina Kyselová
33. Media policy developments in Russia ---
34. Media policy developments in Poland ---
35. Media policy developments in Norway - Sissel Lund/Kjersti Nanseth
36. Media policy developments in The Netherlands- Wim Bekkers
37. The public/private television system - RAI
38. Media policy developments in Israel - IBA
39. Media policy/broadcasting developments – Ireland - RTE
40. Media policy developments in Hungary
41. Media policy developments in Greece - Adamantios Bassantis/ERT
42. Television developments and research in Germany - Gerlinde Schumacher/ZDF
43. Media policy developments in Germany - Roots of the called "dualistic media" -Hansjörg Bessler
44. Media policy developments in France (Total advertising investments are
slightly decreasing - Carignon Law) - A2/FR3
45. Press release - implementation of new legislation in Finland - YLE
46. Media policy developments in Finland - H. Kasari
47. Organisation of the electronic media in Finland regulation and supervision - Österlund-Karinkanta/YLE
48. Media policy in Sweden - Kersti Raudan
49. Media policy in Denmark - Erik Nordhal Svendsen
50. Media policy developments in Czech Republic Lucie Pokorná
51. Media situation in Belgium - BRTN
52. Media policy Austria - ORF
53. Media policy and Public Service TV - Erik Nordhal Svendsen/DR
54. Albanian takes off in the Balkans - Hugh Hope-Stone
55. A song for GEAR (GEAR entry for the Eurovision Song Contest 1995 - in Ireland of course) - Peter Menneer
56. The French Journal of Communication : Audience research as a scheduling tool - Michel Souchon
57. ESCORT 2.3 Paul Hendriksen/NOS
58. Computer systems for measurement of mass media rating & sociological investigations - S. Shooshlyapin/SBC

1995 - Oslo, May 21-25

1. Euro-factsheets - ORF
2. Les mesures d'audience - les concepts - Jacques Durand
3. Corrélation entre habitude déclarée d'écoute et date de dernière écoute - Jacques Durand
4. Les mesures de notoriété - Jacques Durand
5. Audience research and GEAR/EBU collaborative activities 1994-95
6. GEAR - summary of Country reports Michael Type
7. Media policy in Austria ORF
8. General developments in media policy Daniël Poesmans
9. Media policy developments in Czech Republic 1994-95 --
10. Media policy in Denmark Erik Nordhal Svendsen
11. Estonian media policy --
12. Media policy in Finland H. Kasari/YLE
13. France yearly report - television A2/FR3
14. Media and broadcasting policy in Germany 1994 Heinz Gerhard
15. Audience research development Michael Buss
16. Public and private television at the crossroad - Michael Kallenbach/Herald Tribune
17. Media policy in Hungary Judit Lendvay/MártaNagy/Tamás Szecskö
18. Media policy and broadcasting developments in Israel --
19. Media policy developments RAI
20. Media policy Broadcasting developments in The Netherlands - Wim Bekkers/NOS
21. Media policy development in Norway Sissel Lund
22. Media policy Broadcasting developments in Poland --
23. Country report of Rumanian Television Mihaela Botnaru
24. Development of television and radio in Russia --
25. Media policy development in Slovakia Viera Stefancova
26. Media policy development in Spain Juan Menor Sendra/TVE
27. Media policy development in Sweden Anders Gablin/SVT
28. Media policy development in Switzerland – Matthias Steinmann/SSR
29. Government policies in UK - Graham Mytton
30. Audience measurement in the EC (1993) - (GAH Group)
31. Feasibility of using audience measures to assess pluralism (1994) - (GAH Group)
32. The meter question - Mike Kikham
- Meter audience measurement & new TV service - Bill Meredith
- Telecontrol - Matthias Steinman
- The missing audience - Kim Kite
- The missing audience-measuring out of home viewing - Julia Rulf
- Marketing and research today (1994) ---
33. Euromedia '95 - Audience research in Public service and commercial broadcasting "Towards a common currency" ORF
34. DAB - newsletter - International news and strategic analysis on digital sound broadcasting (number 7)
35. Research in Europe - the partners (Gallup A/S)
36. Gallup's media concept
- Consumer & media
- Gallup radio Knut-Arne Futsaeter
37. The international data bank for TV programs and audiences (Eurodata TV)
38. Special MIP TV - audience
- Médiamétrie news
- Radio year 1993-94
- Central and eastern Europe - a varied media landscape
- 1994 TV year in France
- Eurodata TV, an eye on America
- Cinema: occasionally, regularly or frequently?
- 1994 TV year in Europe
39. Planning and indicators --
40. Accountability, performance indicators, long term strategies of Public Service Broadcasting - Is public service weekly reach ? - Erik Nordahl Svendsen/DR
41. Accountability, performance indicators, long term strategies of Public Service Broadcasting - Viera Stefancova/STV
42. Public radio and television: the need for worldwide action (WRTVC)
43. The RTV audience measurement Mihaela Botnaru
44. Irish discussion paper on broadcasting "active or passive? Broadcasting in the
future tense" Tony Fahi/RTE
45. Towards a Public Service account Sissel Lund
46. Overall programme assessment SSR
47. Single programme assessment SSR
48. BBC World Service - Global audience and key performance indicators - Colin Wilding
49. Presentation to BBC World Service to aid scheduling (MBL Group)
50. Media policy developments - Ireland RTE
51. Qualitative research NOS/KLO
52. The uplifting of ERT - quality TV in Greece Lina Trochalitou
53. Television viewing away from home Lina Trochalitou
54. ORF management quick - a daily management report --
55. Interest in TV programmes 1995 ORF
56. Teletekst in 1994 J. Meijs/NOS
57. Children and television in France Michèle Périot-Sanehy
58. Children and radio - Poland Lucie Pokorná
59. Children in television and radio Viera Stefancova/STV
60. Children's views on children's TV programmes - Outlines and perspectives of a quality study - Karin Hake/NRK
61. Technical measurements - Russia --
62. Appreciation surveys in Sweden Anders Gahlin/SVT
63. Out-of-home TV viewing - some issues Tony Fahy
64. Appreciation, meter software & out-of-home viewing - Preliminary study on individual TV viewing behaviour in the TV-meter panel in Denmark Alexander P. Nielsen
65. Reactions to the concept of digital audio broadcasting in India BBC
66. Is the Danish TV-panel representative Helle Schönemann
67. European digital radio Graham Mytton/BBC
68. Viewing trends in the competitive Dutch TV market --
69. Hit or missed? Whom? when? why? Do they meet the target groups? - Lucie Pokorná
70. Target groups for programmes makers and advertisers and programmes categories Michèle Périot-Sanehy
71. Planning TV programme information Birgit Eie/NRK
72. Programme appreciation panel Juan Menor Sendra/TVE
73. The content of a market-share Rune T. Eilertsen/NRK
74. Relationships between researchers and programme makers Olga Yermolaeva
75. Audience survey among the Arab population in Israel - results and methodology Michael Caspi
76. Radio research methods --

1996 - St Petersburg, May 18-23

1. New radio audience research in Belgium --
2. The state of the art in TV measurement : peoplemeters - hardware and software questions Michèle Périot-Sanehy
3. Interest index : average maximum and minimum results for main genre of programmes Michèle Périot-Sanehy
4. The role of advertising in Public Service
Broadcasting - What in a spot worth? Jane Perry
5. The role of audience research in the domestic BBC services ---
6. Public accountability and measures of performance : audience research and international Public Service Broadcasting Graham Mytton/BBC
7. Family viewing - Greece Lina Trochalitou/ERT
8. Changes in TV audience field in Romania after December 1995 - Mihaela Botnaru/TVR
9. Principles for public service accounts Helle Gudnitz/DR
10. Interest index: average maximum and minimum results for main genre of programmes (oct.-nov.1994)
11. Regional channel 3 licence for the East of England granted to Anglia Television Limited - 4 dec. 1991 ITC
12. Media law : the question marks Márta Nagy/MR
13. Het dagboek oveer radioluisteren en televisikejken ---
14. Software for raw data analysis - NOS mini questionnaire Wim Bekkers
15. Wie lange dauert es, ein musik-video auf die festplatte zu kopieren?
- Das kabel zum Internet --
16. "Stay tuned" - What does it mean? Definitions of inheritance DR
17. Daily reach (Europe) GEAR
18. 1995 results for NRK Sissel Lund
19. What is Public Service Broadcasting and how it can be measured? Sissel Lund
20. Approach to a classification of the programming on the audience types
Juan Menor Sandra
21. Estonian radio and TV ---
22. Tests on music output on radio RTE
23. Changes to public service radio in the face of increased competition Radio France
24. How to better outdo competition by studying supply Radio France
25. How do we get the young people to watch our programme? Viera Stefancova
26. The role of audience research in fighting violence and mediocrity in children's programmes Michèle Périot-Sanehy
27. Effects of extremely violent audiovisual product on young people's aggressive
behaviour and emotional reactions Wim Bekkers/NOS
28. Types characteristics boys - Growing up and making itself independent boys
with longer TV watching ----
29. Mass media use by immigrants in The Netherlands (KLO)
30. The ITC Code of advertising - Standard and practice
- The ITC Code of programme sponsorship ITC
31. Programme complaints and interventions ITC
32. Television advertising complaints ITC
33. The ITC programme Code ITC

1997 - Cordoba, 11-14 May

1. Anteile der ARD-Programme an des Radionutzung ARD
2. Broadcasting developments - Radio – Television ORF
3. The public broadcaster - Media situation - Research result
Harmonisation des données d'audience TV : Synthèse de la journée UER/CIM - 9 nov.1993 - Renée Lokker
L'audience de la télévision en Europe: hétérogénéité des
mesures, hétérogénéité des résultats - Pierre Vanderbeck BRTN
4. Media facts - Television data BNT
5. Broadcasting policy and developments/market DR
6. Country report from Estonia - Television in 1996
7. General media developments TVE
8. Structural Developments in terrestrial television Finland Heikki J. Kasari
9. General media and broadcasting developments France Audience radio
10. Media policy broadcasting - Daily national reach Greece
10a.Yearly report from Hungary - Audience, radio. television
Márta Nagy / Zoltán Jakab Hungary
11. Media policy developments - Research issues: RTV Ireland
12. Funding for Public Service Broadcasting - Liberalization of the cable/telephony infrastructure - "TELEGAL" Israel
13. Advertising - Audience research develop. - TV average daily viewing (1966) individual 4 years old and over Italy
14. Audience research development - Radio listening on weekdays
1992-1997 Norway
15. After 2000 three public TV-networks remains guaranteed
Audience research developments - Programme evaluation
Television in the digital age - Wim Bekkers Netherlands
16. New broadcasting concessions - Problems facing local
radio stations - Audience research developments Poland
16a. Situation des médias en Roumanie - Roumanie
17. Broadcasting developments - Audience research developments - Russia
A. Sharikov / André Doutov
18. Country report St. Petersbourg Olga Yermolaeva Russia
19. Developments in broadcasting - BBC - Award of Channel 5 licence
The 1996 broadcasting act - Digital television UK
20. Media policy in general - About the RTS Serbia
21. Country Report Slovak Repub.
22. General media development - Broadcasting developments
Audience developments - TV figures 1996 yearly average Sweden
23. Change in the SBC franchise, new structure for TV
Channel 4 - SBC approves new structures
Radio Eviva now on medium wave - Digital radio (SRI)
TELECONTROL VII / Publica Data AG Switzerland
24. Media situation - Prima station - Nova TV
TV audience share - Czech Television - Audience research
Dramatic programmes - Series - Entertainment - Factual
programmes - Sports programmes - Czech Radio and its
listeners in 1996 Václav Hradecky Czech Repub.